Citing paraphrased information in APA format for an essay is an important thing to know. Most of the authors and writers use the paraphrasing method to cite either their previous works or other texts.
So, in this article, we are trying to cover a step-by-step guide to citing paraphrases in APA to avoid plagiarism and having a unique and standard text at the end.
Citing a paraphrase in APA format means acknowledging the source of the information you have rephrased in your own words.
Why are we paraphrasing? The first reason is to give credit to the original author’s work, which is morally a must, and the second is to avoid plagiarism.
In this guide, we have included APA citation examples for paraphrased text so you can grab the lesson easily and use it in your articles.
Let us begin.
How to cite a paraphrase in APA style for a research paper?
To know the steps of citing a paraphrase in APA style, you have 2 methods at hand depending on the writing type. Citing a paraphrase differs from “In-text citation, “and “Narrative citation.”
You may use paraphrasing to purify and combine information from one or more resources. Also, you have to focus on important elements and then compare and contrast pertinent facts.
Student authors should be aware and use more paraphrasing rather than outright quoting. While paraphrasing, use either the narrative or parenthetical citation approach to credit the source text.
You may mention one (in addition to the author and year) if it will assist interested readers in locating the relevant portion within a large or complicated work, and do not overuse this method.
Citing a paraphrase in APA style involves acknowledging the source of the information you have rephrased in your own words. This is essential to avoid plagiarism and give credit to the original author’s work.
1. In-Text Citation
In APA style, you can cite a paraphrase using two methods, and the first one is in-text citation.
The in-text citation includes placing a parenthetical citation, which contains the author’s last name and the published year, after the sentence or passage that you have paraphrased.
Look at the example below, which is extracted from the “AI in marketing, consumer research and psychology” article:
Ø “They even take on advanced roles in fields that were previously considered to be reliant on human intellect such as in journalism (Carlson, 2015).”
In APA style format, if you have more than one author, you can write “et. al.” in the parenthetical citation, like this example, from the same article:
Ø “Furthermore, the importance of understanding psychological processes to the field of AI is evident. Scientists that began working on AI had the ultimate goal to develop machines that could perform a task that, if conducted by a human, would require intelligence (McCarthy et al., 2006).”
Now, what if you have more than one source? We add both sources in one parenthetical citation. Just look at this example to see how to cite a paraphrase in APA format if we have more than one source:
Ø “However, there are also inherent tensions the increased use of AI can have on consumers, which include privacy concerns, dehumanization, and even addiction (Lobschat et al., 2021; Puntoni et al., 2021).”
This is the most convenient method for in-text citation a paraphrase in APA writing style. You do not need to put too much effort, and they are so easy. Make your text exceptional using them. Now, let us move to the other one.
2. Narrative Citation or Long Paraphrases
As the name represents, this citation includes mentioning the source’s name in the text itself, followed by the parenthetical citation.
A paraphrase may consist of many phrases. Cite the quoted work on the first mention in these conditions.
When the text has been referenced, it is not required to restate the citation as long as the context of the text makes it apparent that the same text continues to be paraphrased.
Ø “Vlacic et al. (2021) reviewed the literature on AI/intelligent systems and marketing using content analysis combined with multiple correspondence analysis procedures and identified four themes: (1) marketing channels, (2) marketing strategy, (3) performance, and (4) segmentation, targeting and positioning.”
You can use it to cite a paraphrase in APA style for your articles.
When referencing a paraphrase in APA format or anywhere, be certain that the rewritten words adequately represent the meaning and concepts of the source.
You have to avoid modifying only a few words or phrases. Recreate the content with your own words, tone, and sentence patterns.
Read More: How To In Text Cite a Website with No Author?
Appropriately citing paraphrases in APA-style articles proves your understanding of the source material and confirms academic honesty in your writings. In this article, we went through citing paraphrased text in APA format.
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There are two main methods: in-text citation, involving parenthetical citations with the author’s last name and year, and narrative citation, where the source’s name is mentioned in the text followed by parenthetical citation.
For in-text citation, list all authors in the first citation and use “et al.” for subsequent citations. Example: “(Lobschat et al., 2021; Puntoni et al., 2021).
Student authors should use more paraphrasing to demonstrate their understanding of the source material and to maintain a balance between original content and cited information.